Book Review – Rinzin Dema

Yuval Noah Harari is the author of bestselling books, Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow and 21 Lessons for the 21st Century. His work is admired and recognized globally. In his book, Sapiens: A Brief History of Human Kind, he describes the evolution of the Homo Sapiens from East Africa, how the species conquered the environment, constructed the social system, and begins their journey in innovation.
Harari delivers two conflicting theories. The spreading of Sapiens from East Africa to Arabia and Eurasia might have brought in the attraction and interbreeding with other humans on these lands. The theory of interbreeding tells us that we are the outcome of the interbreeding between Sapiens and other humans. On the other hand, Harari mentions that Neanderthals were more muscular, had larger brains and adapted to cold. Harari argues that Sapiens used tools and fire to displace the Neanderthals or completely wiped them out from the world.
Yuval strikingly describes Homo sapiens as ecological serial killers. The expansion of human settlement has ransacked the ecology and wiped out many species and it still possess threats to the extinction of other species. Harari take us across the time of how social system and order, the agricultural revolution, industrial revolution, and the advent of artificial intelligence as some of the human kind’s biggest fraud. Although this revolution has changed and the world has progressed, Harari expressed his skepticism on the progress since the change could lead to a greater risk of starvation, distress, and social insecurity with the booming of capitalist economy and he titled it as Capitalist Hell.
I liked how Harari expressed that death is the biggest fight the humanity has to fight hereon. That led me to ask myself, if the humanity fights and win the war against the death, will the human be able to accomplish happiness? Harari expressed the information in the most fascinating and simplest ways, he did however, exaggerated the making of the evolution of human as species. His description and criticism on the advent of technology and cerebral development could make him lose credibility of his work and readers to lose interest. Nonetheless, he presented the information with simple language and pictorial illustrations which make it easier for the reader to comprehend and visualize the scenarios described. The information was presented systematically and logically, and he consistently maintains the flow. This book is suitable read for the people from all kinds of walk, willing to learn and understand human origins and the evolution over the years affected humans and surroundings.

October 10th, 2019 by